Canada: The Conservative government has deported Kimberly Rivera to the United States to face court martial and possible imprisonment for refusing to fight in Iraq. The U.S.war resister found refuge in Toronto in 2007 where she lived with her four children and husband. Complying with the refusal to grant her refuge, she was arrested by U.S. authorities at the border of Ontario and New York State and placed in U.S. military detention. Previous. Partial sources online: “Female U.S. war resister deported,” Sept. 20, 2012, CBC News; “Iraq war resister Kimberly Rivera ordered deported to U.S.,” Patty Winsa , Aug.30, 2012, thestar.com.
India: through its Permanent Representative at the U.N., Hardeep Singh Puri, India maintains that Western nation air strikes on Libya in 2011 were in violation of Security Council Resolution 1973. This Resolution was used to justify NATO’s bombing. As a member of the Security Council in 2011, India refused to vote for the Resolution and believes that the subsequent history of U.S. and NATO actions shows the mandate to protect civilians was instead used to change a government: the “responsibility to protect” (R2P), as understood by Western nations, is recognized as a pretext for intervention. What India suggests is that any response to protect people should be confined to countering “genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity.” Military intervention is a measure of last resort. The position is reasonable and suppressed in U.S./ NATO government media as Western nations pursue an agenda which has resulted in the partial destruction of one Muslim national group after another. Crimes of aggression and genocide have no statute of limitation. Recommended: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. For a sequence of entries concerned with war crimes in Libya: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. Partial sources online: “Western air strikes on Libya violate UNSC resolution, says India,” Sandeep Dikshit, Sept. 7, 2012, The Hindu; “UN security council resolution 1973 (2011) on Libya – full text,” March 17, 2011, theguardian; “Armed intervention should be last resort: India,” PTI, Sept. 6, 2012, hindustantimes