A dictatorship under Gerard Latortue from 2004 to 2006 presided over the murder of thousands of Fanmi Lavalas partisans – at least 4000 murders according to the only scientific study done to investigate the matter. The perpetrators were mainly paramilitary groups and the Haitian police which was quickly revamped under close US supervision to include hundreds of the terrorists formerly based in the Dominican Republic. The UN troops MINUSTAH perpetrated some massacres of unarmed protestors and bystanders. However, most of the dirty work was done by the revamped Haitian police and their paramilitary allies with MINUSTAH acting in a supporting role.Reporters Without Borders openly cheered the slaughter that took place under the Latortue dictatorship as a victory for press freedom. Human Rights Watch HRW said almost nothing as the human rights abuses in Haiti exploded after the 2004 coup. As Haiti easily accumulated the worst human rights record in the Western Hemisphere, HRW directed about 20 times more criticism at Venezuela – a fact Washington must have welcomed but that is utterly indefensible from any moral perspective. What little HRW wrote about Haiti after the 2004 coup often served to legitimize the Latortue dictatorship. Amnesty International did much better than HRW, but Amnesty lagged way behind what independent researchers with far fewer resources quickly uncovered. After the coup, Amnesty gradually distanced itself from the anti-Aristide sources HRW relied on like RNDDDH whom I mention below, but still demonstrated appalling cowardice in confronting MINUSTAH’s most flagrant and well documented crimes.