The Proto-Indo-Europeans (before 4000 BC), formerly known as Aryans, are the people who spoke Proto-Indo-European, a language that broke apart and gave rise to most of the languages from Bangladesh to Iceland, like English, Latin, Sanskrit and Persian. Half the world now speaks an Indo-European language.
By comparing words from these languages, scholars have worked backwards, reconstructing over 2,000 words of Proto-Indo-European.
Proto-Indo-Europeans had words for:
- trees: beech, apple, alder, ash, birch, elm, fir, pine, hawthorn, maple, blackberry, willow, yew, poplar.
- animals:hare, squirrel, beaver, mouse, fox, wolf, dog, red deer, auroch.
- birds: crane, crow, cuckoo, duck, eagle, goose, jay, owl, sparrow, stork, woodpecker.
- fish: salmon, trout.
- livestock: cow, ox, pig, goat, sheep, horse.
- crops: wheat, barley, rye, oats.
- food and drink: meat, beer, honey, mead, salt, milk, buttermilk, broth.
- work: harvest, sow, grind, spin, weave, hunt.
- technology: plough, axe, hoe, rake,awl, hook, comb, cup,knot.
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