“Bernie has not only urged Vermonters to vote “yes” in union representation elections like CWA’s 1994 campaign among 1,500 telephone company call center workers, he would annually convene meetings of local labor activists to help them develop more successful union-building strategies. To stimulate new rank-and-file thinking, Sanders and his staff invited out-of-state labor speakers who were part of national efforts to revitalize organized labor; he himself became the only member of Congress ever to address a national Labor Notes conference—and donate money to Labor Notes too”. So, labor progressives see the Sanders’ campaign as the best way now to revitalize the labor movement by bringing together rank-and-file activists trying to democratize their unions and communities. There are reasons to be skeptical that all of this will lead in a truly radical, anti-capitalist direction. I will be hopeful when I begin to hear labor and student activists talk and write about the need to end mindless patriotism, nationalism, and imperialism, the need for worker and community control of production, an end to the debilitating division of labor in which most are confined to useless and mindless jobs, national planning, a direct attack on racism, and so much more.