In May, the Senate approved a bill allowing 9-11 victims’ families to sue Saudi Arabia. The bill must now pass the House and be signed by President Barack Obama, who has threatened to veto it. In 2012 a judge for the US District Court for the Southern District of New York dismissed a motion to reinstate Saudi Arabia as a defendant in a civil compensation lawsuit against the perpetrators of the 9-11 attacks. The claim against Saudi Arabia was dismissed in 2008 by the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit due to insufficient evidence that the Kingdom’s princes has actual knowledge that their money would be used in the attacks. In 2005 Judge Richard Casey dismissed Saudi Arabia, its defense minister and its ambassador to the UK as defendants in litigation stemming from the terrorist attacks, ruling that all had sovereign immunity.