19/7/2016- Few details are known about the attacker who seriously injured four people on a train near Würzburg on Monday night. According to Bavarian Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann, he was a 17-year-old asylum seeker from Afghanistan, who had been living in the Würzburg area since March 2015 – first in a home, and more recently with a foster family. Herrmann also told Tuesday’s press conference that there was no indication yet of a direct link between the Islamic State (IS) militia and the young man. But he may have pledged allegiance to the group independently: police found a “hand-painted” IS flag in his room, along with a text in Pashto which suggested, as Herrmann put it, “that this could be someone who had radicalized himself recently.” But having no direct link to the attacker has not deterred IS from claiming responsibility for the attack – just as they did with the recent attacks in Orlando and Nice.
Radicalization among refugees is not a new problem. Germany’s domestic intelligence agency, the Verfassungsschutz, last year warned that refugees could be targeted by “Salafists” – the agency’s term for Muslims who preach an ultra-conservative version of Islam – even though in practice many Salafists distance themselves from IS. Julia Reinelt, head of international affairs at the de-radicalization organization the Violence Prevention Network (VPN), agreed that this does happen. “There certainly are recruitment attempts [by Salafists], beyond what the Verfassungsschutz claims,” she told DW.
Meyer Husamuddin, an imam who works with de-radicalization projects in the town of Wiesbaden, also thinks that young unaccompanied refugees may be vulnerable to radicalization. “Some of them are in a difficult psychological situation because their parents are often still in danger – and then maybe things aren’t going so well here,” he said. “Then it can happen that one or two of them become a ready victim for those who want to manipulate them.” And Husamuddin has also noticed that radical Islamists have “discovered that there are certain people who it’s easier to provoke into doing things.” “My impression at the moment is that the networks trying to recruit for Daesh are weakened,” he added, using the Arabic acronym for IS. “But the fact that they want to [recruit] – I do believe that.”
So can young unaccompanied refugees, without social contacts and often caught in a frustrating bureaucratic dead-end in Germany, be more susceptible to radicalization? “I would say that they probably are more in danger [of radicalization] than a young person who has a well-functioning social network and parents and people to talk to and knows the language and the culture,” Reinelt said. “But whether that actually does lead to increased radicalization among them, we can’t say at this point.” There’s no doubt that the new influx of migrants does pose new social problems, which de-radicalization organizations have only just begun dealing with. VPN has been running the Al-Manara (“the lighthouse”) project in Berlin since the beginning of April, and offers counseling specifically for unaccompanied under-age refugees. (There were around 4,200 unaccompanied minors among the 80,000 refugees who arrived in the German capital last year.)