FANR prepared the initial inventory based on the UAE’s State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material, a register of all nuclear material, its possessors and users within the territory of the UAE. The inventory was submitted to the IAEA through the UAE’s permanent mission to the agency.As part of the verification process, IAEA safeguards inspectors visited the Barakah nuclear power plant and other locations in the UAE where small amounts of nuclear material are used. The IAEA confirmed at a follow-up meeting with FANR representatives at the agency’s Vienna headquarters that information submitted by the UAE in its initial inventory was complete.IAEA safeguards aim to deter the spread of nuclear weapons by the early detection of any misuse of nuclear material or technology, providing assurances that states are honouring their obligations to use nuclear material only for peaceful purposes. The agency applies a set of technical measures on nuclear materials and activities to verify independently that facilities are not being misused and that nuclear materials are not being diverted. States accept such measures through safeguards agreements with the IAEA.